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Conservation Actions

What is the State Wildlife Grants Program?

State wildlife agencies are responsible for the conservation of the majority of fish and wildlife resources, but funding for conservation has been limited throughout our history. During the past 70 years, dedicated funding programs have been developed for the conservation of game and sport fish species, but many species, including rare or declining ones, are not eligible for funding assistance under these programs. Congress recognizes this limitation and in federal fiscal year 2001 it authorized and funded the State Wildlfie Grants Program. This program is a federal cost-share program that is restricted to statutory state fish and wildlife management agencies; the Oklahoma Department of Wildlife Conservation is the approved state agency for the state of Oklahoma.

The purpose of the State Wildlfie Grants program is to support proactive conservation and management activities on behalf of the rare and declining species that are in greatest need of conservation attention. In order to most effectively use the limited conservation funding that is available through the State Wildlife Grants program, the ODWC worked with interested constituents and technical experts to prepare a strategic conservation plan that identifies the wildlife species in greatest conservation need, the habitats with which they are associated, and the factors that most substantially appear to affect their population. This plan is called the Oklahoma Comprehensive Wildlife Conservation Strategy.pdf. The Comprehensive Wildlife Conservation Strategy was recently updated and approved by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service June 10, 2016. The original plan was approved October 12, 2005.

Grant Name Grant Number Project Start Date Project End Date Report
Osage County Habitat Mapping T-1-P-1 Oct-02 Sept-04  
Development of the Comprehensive Wildlife Conservation Strategy T-2-P-1 Jan-03 Dec-05  
State Wildlife Grants Coordination T-2-P-2 Jan-06 Dec-11  
Oklahoma Paddlefish Information for Conservation Management T-3-P-1 Jan-03 Dec-07  
Wildlife Diversity Inventory and Development of Species of Greatest Conservation Need Management Plans T-4-P-1 Mar-03 Dec-06  
Genetic Variation Within and Among Natural and Captive Populations of Alligator Snapping Turtles in Oklahoma T-5-P-1 Jul-03 Jun-06  
Review and Summarization of Literature Pertaining to the Ecosystem Flow Requirements for the Kiamich River Above Hugo Lake and Little River Watershed in Oklahoma T-7-P-1 Jul-03 Jun-07  
Instream Flow Modeling for Mussels and Fishes in Southeastern Oklahoma Rivers T-8-P-1 Jul-03 Jun-05  
North American Bird Conservation Initiative Planning for Oklahoma T-9-P-1 Jul-08 Jul-11  
Physiological Determination of Mussel Sensitivity to Water Management Practices in the Kiamichi River and Review and Summarization of Literature T-10-P-1 Aug-03 Sept-05  
Surveys and Studies of Oklahoma Crayfish and the Grotto Salamander T-11-P-1 Aug-03 Jun-05  
Digital Atlas of Oklahoma Fishes: Preparation of Data from Oklahoma State University T-12-P-1 Oct-03 Jun-06  
Digital Atlas of Oklahoma Fishes: Preparation of Data from the SNOMNH T-13-P-1 Oct-03 Mar-07  
The Freshwater Mussels of Oklahoma (Identification Guide) T-14-P-1 Oct-03 Sept-05  
Development and Implementation of Fish and Wildlife Resources Impact Review Programs T-15-P-1 Apr-04 Jun-07  
Development and Implementation of Fish and Wildlife Resources Impact Review Programs  T-15-P-2 Jul-07 Jun-12  
Faunal Survey of Oklahoma Cave and Springs T-16-P-1 Jun-04 May-08  
Wildlife Habitat in Oklahoma Territory and the Chickasaw Nation, Circa 1870 T-17-P-1 Jun-04 Dec-07  
Assessment of Ecological Distrubance to a Cross Timber Habitat T-18-P-1 Jun-04 May-07  
Fluvial Geomorphology Analysis of the Kiamichi River, Oklahoma T-19-P-1 Jun-04 Jun-06  
Development of Inter-Agency Rare Species Data Sharing and Exchange for Statewide Wildlife Conservation Planning T-20-P-1 Jun-04 Nov-10  
Swainson's Warbler Status Assessment in Oklahoma T-21-P-1 Jun-08 Jun-09  
Effects of Land Cover Change in Sandy Sanders, Packsaddle and Cooper Wildlife Management Areas on State Birds of Greatest Conservation Need T-22-P-1 Sept-04 Sept-09  
Survey of Mammals of Special Concern in Western Oklahoma T-23-P-1 Sept-04 Dec-07  
A Herpetological Survey of the Black Mesa Ecoregion and Surrounding Area T-24-P-1 Jun-05 May-08  
Oklahoma Winter Bird Atlas T-25-P-1 Dec-04 Nov-10  
Status and Demography of Grassland Raptors of Conservation Concern in the Oklahoma Panhandle T-26-P-1 Jul-05 Dec-08  
Reproductive Timing and Success of Freshwater Mussels in the Little River, Oklahoma T-27-P-1 Jul-05 Dec-08  
Oklahoma Mammals Database: Prepartion of Data From the Sam Noble Oklahoma Museum of Natural History T-28-P-1 Jul-05 Jul-07  
Digital Atlas of Oklahoma Mammals: Data Capture and Georeferencing of OSU Collection of Vertebrates T-29-P-1 Aug-05 Dec-07  
Patch Burn Management: Enhancing Habitat for Imperiled Grassland Bird Species T-30-P-1 Sept-05 Aug-08  
Status and Habitat Affinity for Cerulean Warblers and Other Forest Birds in Eastern Oklahoma T-31-P-1 Sept-05 Aug-08  
Conversion of the Oklahoma Gap Vegetation Map for Habitat Analysis of Species of Greatest Conservation Need T-32-P-1 Oct-05 Feb-07  
Development of the Shortgrass Prairie Region Species of Greatest Conservation Need Conservation Assessment and Conservation Strategy T-33-P-1 Apr-06 Mar-14  
Subregional Mapping of the Tallgrass Prairie CWCS Region T-34-P-1 Jun-06 Aug-09  
Inventory of Reptiles and Amphibians on Oklahoma Wildlife Management Areas T-35-P-1 Jun-06 May-10  
Evaluating Conversion of Old World Bluestem Monocultures to Native Plant Communities T-36-P-1 Jun-06 May-09  
Migrant Shorebirds and Habitat Quality of Isolated Wetlands in the Mixed Grass Prairie Region T-37-P-1 Jul-06 Jun-09  
Surveys for Rare Mussel Species and Determination of Hydrological Characteristics of Mussel Habitat in Southeast Oklahoma T-38-P-1 Jun-06 May-08  
WAFWA Interstate Grassland Conservation Coordination T-39-P-1 Jul-06 Jun-10  
Status of Macroinvertebrate and Fish Assembages in the Samall Rivers of the Tallgrass Prairie T-40-P-1 Jul-06 Dec-09  
Restoration of Open Woodland and Savannah Communities through Selective Thinning on The Nature Conservancy's Nickel Preserve T-41-P-1 Jul-06 Dec-09  
Conservation Planning in the Oaks and Prairies Bird Conservation Region T-43-P-1 Oct-06 Sept-12  
Development of the Oklahoma State Aquatic Nuisance Species Management Plan T-44-P-1 Dec-06 Jun-09  
Subregional Mapping of the Ozark and Arkansas Valley Regions T-45-P-1 Dec-06 Dec-09  
Using Tree Ring Analysis to Determine Fire History in the Oklahoma Ozarks T-46-P-1 Dec-06 Dec-11  
Digital Atlas of Oklahoma Mammals: Development of Website - Collection of Vertebrates T-47-P-1 Dec-06 Jun-09  
Woods County Land Acquisition, McKinley Ranch T-48-L-1 Sept-07 Feb-10  
Harper County Land Acquisition, Carmichael Ranch T-49-1 Sept-07 Mar-12  
Oklahoma Paddlefish Research for Conservation Management T-50-1 Oct-07 Dec-09  
A Survey of the Freshwater Turtles in Eastern Oklahoma T-51-1 May-09 Apr-12  
A Survey of the Freshwater Turtles in Eastern Oklahoma T-51-2 May-12 Dec-12  
A Survey of Alligator Snapping Turtles and Other Turtle Species in Three Northeast Oklahoma Rivers T-52-1 Jul-10 Jun-14  
Effects of Hydrologic Alteration on Species of Greatest Conservation Need in Lee Creek, Oklahoma T-53-1 Jul-10 Jun-12  
Survey and Status of Freshwater Mussels in the Poteau River T-54-1 Jul-10 Jun-12  
Population Size Estimation of the Mexican Free-tailed Bat at Important Maternity Roosts in Oklahoma T-55-R-1 Aug-10 Jul-13  
Developing a Multiple Spatial Scale Model to Predict the Distribution of Freshwater Mussel Assemblages in the Small Rivers of Southeastern Oklahoma T-57-R-1 Jun-11 May-14  
Determining Factors Affecting the Distribution of Fish and Crayfish in the Ozark Region of Oklahoma T-58-R-1 Jun-11 May-14  
Evaluating Environmental Flow Requirements for Freshwater Mussels of the Mountain Fork, Kiamichi and Little Rivers T-59-R-1 Jun-11 May-14  
The Impacts of Flow Alterations on Crayfishes in Southeastern Oklahoma with an Emphasis on the Mena Crayfish T-60-R-1 Jun-11 May-14  
Distribution and Diversity of Grotto and Oklahoma Salamanders in the Oklahoma Ozarks T-61-R-1 Dec-11 Nov-14  
Update and Revision of the Oklahoma Comprehensive Wildlife Conservation Strategy T-62-P-1 Oct-11 Sept-15  
Habitat Restoration and Population Assessment of Chicken Turtles and Crawfish Frogs at Bohler Seeps and Sandhills Preserve T-63-R-1 Jan-12 Dec-13  
Development and Implementation of a Program to Address Energy Related Wildlife and Habitat Impacts T-64-R-1 Jun-12 May-15  
Implementation of a Program to Address Energy-Related Wildlife and Habitat Impacts T-64-R-2 Jul-15 Jun-18  
Wildlife Diversity Inventory on Oklahoma Wildlife Management Areas with Emphasis on Species of Greatest Conservation Need T-65-1 Oct-13 Sept-17  
Girdner Tract Land Acquisition, Cherokee County T-66-L-1 Oct-13 Sept-15  
Oklahoma Ecological Systems Mapping: Phase 2, Western Oklahoma T-67-1 Oct-13 Sept-15  
Determining Current Distribution, Movement and Habitat Use of Shovelnose Sturgeon in Oklahoma Waters T-68-R-1 Sept-13 Aug-18  
A General Status Assessment of Blue Suckers in Oklahoma Rivers T-69-1 Aug-13 Jun-18  
An Assessment of Impacts of Bighead Carp on SGCN in the Neosho and Spring Rivers T-70-1 Jan-14 Jun-16  
Understanding Impacts of Surface-Groundwater Conditions on Stream Fishes Under Altered Base-Flow Conditions T-71-1 Jan-14 Dec-18  
State Wildlife Grants Coordination T-72-1 Oct-13 Sept-18  
Status, Distribution and Ecology of the Ozark Emerald (Somatochlora ozarkensis) and other Springtime-Emerging Dragonflies of Eastern Oklahoma T-73-1 Oct-13 Sept-15  
Survey of Clear Boggy, Muddy Boggy, Kiamichi and Little River Drainages in Oklahoma T-74-1 Jan-14 Jun-16  
Assessing the Extent and Density of Chicken Turtle Populations in Southeastern Oklahoma T-75-1 Oct-13 Dec-16  
Assessment of the Density and Spatial and Temporal Variation of the American Burying Beetle (Nicrophorus americanus) in Oklahoma T-76-1 Jan-14 Dec-16  
Assessment and Survey of the Presence, Distribution, and Habitat of the Texas Kangaroo Rat, Dipodomys elator, in Oklahoma T-78-1 Oct-14 Sept-17  
Assessment of Distribution, Status and Habitat Needs of Rare Mussel Species in the Little River Watershed in Oklahoma T-79-1 Oct-14 Sept-16  
Tracking the Emergence of Infectious Diseases Among Amphibian Species of Greatest Conservation Need T-80-1 Jan-15 Dec-17  
Mapping Threats for Oklahoma's Ozark Karst Species T-81-1 Oct-14 Sept-16  
A Biological Survey of the Linda's Roadside Skipper Butterfly T-82-1 Apr-15 Mar-19  
Distribution, Population Estimate, and Response to Prescribed Fire in the Rattlesnake-Master Borer Moth at the Nature Conservancy’s Tallgrass Prairie Preserve in Osage County, Oklahoma T-83-1 Jan-15 Dec-17  
Conservation Monitoring and Data Management for Species of Greatest Conservation Need T-84-1 Oct-14 Sept-19  
Distribution, Abundance and Genetic Variation of the Prairie Speckled Chub T-85-1 Jan-16 Dec-17  
Biological surveys to determine the breeding range, habitat needs, and co-occuring faunal communities associated with Black Rails (Laterallus jamaicensis) in Oklahoma T-86-1 Jan-16 Dec-17  
Determine the Distribution of State Endangered Longnose Darter through Niche Model Transferability T-87-1 Jan-16 Dec-18  
Ecological Assessment of Ozark Watersheds Using Breeding Birds T-88-1 Jan-16 Dec-18  
Geographic Distribution and Ecological Impact of Aquatic Invasive Plants in Oklahoma T-89-1 Apr-16 Mar-20  
Oklahoma Biodiversity Information System:  An Integrated, Online Data System for Conservation Planning T-90-M-1 Apr-16 Mar-19  
Detecting Native Aquatics Network - A Novel Biodiversity Monitoring Program for Native Aquatic and Semi-aquatic Species Using Environmental DNA T-91-R-1 Oct-16 Sept-19  
Assessing the Impacts of Road Culverts on Stream Fishes in Eastern Oklahoma T-92-R-1 Jul-17 June-19  
A Survey for Rare Mayfly and Caddisfly Species of Greatest Conservation Need T-93-R-1 Jan-17 Dec-18  
Henslow's Sparrow Breeding Distribution in Oklahoma T-94-R-1 Apr-17 Mar-18  
Investigation of Shinnery Oak Propagation and Establishment as Framework for Restoration T-95-R-1 Oct-16 Dec-18  
Distribution and Biology of the Oklahoma-endemic Wichita Mountains Pillsnail T-96-R-1 Jul-17 Jun-20  
The Influence of Behavior, Physiology, and Genomics on the Reproductive Success of Alligator Snapping Turtles T-97-R-1 Sept-17 Dec-18  
Surveys for Wintering Yellow Rails in Oklahoma T-98-R-1 Oct-17 Jun-19  
Surveys to Assess Suitability of Alligator Snapping Turtle (Macrochelys temminckii) Reintroduction Sites in Oklahoma T-101-R-1 Jan-18 Dec-18  
McFarland Ranch Land Acquisition, Beaver County WT-1 Sep-10 Aug-12  
Kimbell Ranch Land Acquisition, Love County WT-2-L-1 Jun-11 May-16  

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Congress passed the Endangered Species Act in 1973 as a means of conserving native plants and animals that are in danger of extinction.

Each year, the Oklahoma Department of Wildlife Conservation and the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) partner to manage, monitor, and recover federally threatened and Endangered species. These projects are made possible with funding allocated to state wildlife agencies through the Cooperative Endangered Species Conservation Fund. This fund is authorized through Section 6 of the Endangered Species Act (ESA), which describes the important role states play in the implementation of the ESA. ESA Section 6 grants are managed through the Wildlife Department’s Wildlife Diversity Program, which is responsible for monitoring, managing, and promoting rare, declining, and endangered wildlife, as well as common species not hunted or fished.

Endangered Species Act, Section 6 Projects

Grant Name Grant Number Job Number Project Start Date Project End Date
Ecology and Management of Isolated Populations of the Black-Capped Vireo (Vireo atricapullus) In Oklahoma E-1   1986 1992
Leopard Darter Reproductive Biology Study in Southeastern Oklahoma E-2   1986 1987
Status and Habitat Relationship of Red-Cockaded Woodpeckers in Oklahoma E-3 1 1989 1991
Micro- and Macrohabitat Characteristics of Caves Within the Range of the Ozark Big-Eared Bat in Eastern Oklahoma E-3 2 1989 1991
Management of the Endangered Ozark Big-Eared Bat: Continued Cave Searches and Colony Monitoring E-3 3 1991 1992
Of the Endnagered Ozark Big-Eared Bat: Telemetry Investigations E-3 4 1991 1994
Status Survey and Habitat Analysis of Stenotrema gilsbryi Rich Mountain Slitmouth E-4   1989  
Survey and Species Determination of Cave Crayfish in Oklahoma E-5 1 1989 1991
Survey and Species Determination of Cave Crayfish in Oklahoma E-5 2 1991 1992
Hydrogeology of Ozark Cavefish Caves E-6   1989 1990
Status survey of the western fanshell and the Neosho mucket in Oklahoma E-7   1990  
Life History and Distribution of the Arkansas River Shiner in Oklahoma E-8 1 1989 1991
Status of the Neosho madtom in Oklahoma E-8 2 1991  
Status of the speckled chub in the Arkansas River basin E-8 3 1991 1993
Leopard darter mark and recapture study E-8 4 1993 1996
Gray Bat (Myotis grisescens) Population and Protection System Monitoring E-9   1989 1995
Habitat Use and Reporductive Biology of Arkansia wheeleri (Mollusca: Unionidae) In the Kiamichi River, Oklahoma E-12   1990 1993
Habitat Use and Genetic Characterization and Variability in the American Burying Beetle, Nicrophorus Americanus, in Oklahoma E-13 1 1990 1994
Preliminary assessment of black-tailed prairie dog colonies for reintroduction of black-footed ferrets in western Oklahoma E-14   1990 1991
Distribution and land use history of prairie mole cricket lek sites in Oklahoma E-16   1991 1992
Determination of the distribution and abundance of the Texas Horned Lizard (Phrynosoma cornutum) in Oklahoma E-18   1991 1993
Least Tern "Share the Beach" Public Service Announcement campaign E-19   1991 1992
Red-cockaded Woodpecker recovery work on the McCurtain County Wilderness Area. E-21   1992 Ongoing
Management and Cave Protection for the Ozark Big-eared Bat(Corynorhinus townsendii ingens) and Gray Bat (Myotis grisescens) in Oklahoma E-22   1993 Ongoing
Status survey of the Ouachita dusky salamander E-24   1993 1995
Mountain plover breeding activity on cultivated fields E-26   1993 1995
Status survey for three candidate aquatic invertebrates in the Arbuckle Mountains E-27   1993 1995
Status Survey of the Arkansas Darter in Eastern Oklahoma E-28   1993 1995
Reintroduction of the Arkansas River Speckled Chub and Taxonomic Status and Genetic Structure of the Speckled Chub in the Arkansas and Red River Drainages E-29   1994 1998
Mist-net Surveys for Endangered and Candidate Bat Species on Public Lands in Eastern Oklahoma E-30   1994 1996
Survey and Management of Interior Least Terns and Snowy Plovers on the Canadian River in Central and Western Oklahoma E-31   1994 2001
Determination of Habitat Requirements for the Arkansas River Shiner E-33   1994 1995
Determination of the status and habitat preference of the Neosho Mucket in Oklahoma E-34   1994 1997
Distribution and Ecology of the Swift Fox (Vulpes velox) E-35   1994 1997
American Burying Beetle Survey E-36   1994 1995
Development of a Texas Horned Lizard Educational Brochure and Volunteer Report Form E-37   1995 1995
Black-capped Vireo Survey on Public Land in Central Oklahoma E-39   1995 1996
Status, distribution, and habitat use of the alligator snapping turtle in Oklahoma E-40   1996 1999
Bachman's Sparrow Survey and Habitat Characterization on Southeastern Oklahoma Wildlife Management Areas E-41   1996 1998
Reproductive Enhancement and Population Monitoring of Black-Capped Vireos in Blaine County E-45   1997 Ongoing
Survey of Major Tributaries of the Kiamichi River for the Ouachita Rock Pocketbook and Other Rare Mussels E-46   1997 1998
Public Survey for Information Related to Eastern Spotted Skunk Sightings E-47   1997 1998
Monitoring of Known Populations of the Rich Mountain Slitmouth Snail E-48   1997 1998
Monitoring of Oklahoma's Swift Fox Population E-49   1998 2000
Status of the Mountain Plover in Cimarron County E-51   1999 1999
Determining Acreage of Black-tailed Prairie Dog Colonies in Northwest Oklahoma E-53   2000 2002
Development of Umbrella Candidate Conservation Agreements for Shortgrass Prairie Wildlife E-55   2001 Ongoing
Mid-story Thinning on the McCurtain County Wilderness Area to Enhance Habitat for Red-Cockaded Woodpecker E-56   2001 Ongoing
Monitoring of Arkansia wheeleri populations in the Kiamichi River E-59 2 2003 Ongoing
An Ecoregion Approach to Recovery of the Ozark Big-eared Bat and Three Other State and Federally Listed Karst Dependant Species E-62   2004 2009
Examination of American Burying Beetle Reproductive Habitat E-65 2 2005 2010
Red-cockaded Woodpecker Habitat Acquisition E-67   2008 2012
Current Distribution and Status of the Lesser Prairie Chicken of Oklahoma E-70   2009 2012
Development of a Multi-State Whooping Crane and Lesser Prairie-Chicken Habitat Conservation Plan for Wind Development E-71   2009 2013
An Ecoregion Approach for Recovery and Protection of Karst Dependent Federally Listed Species E-72   2009 2013
Monitoring and Protection for the Interior Least Tern in the Canadian River Landowner Conservation Cooperative E-73   2017 2019
Propagation and Augmentation of the Ouachita Rock Pocketbook E-75   2015 2018
Genetic Structure of Ozark Big-eared Bat Populations and the Establishment of Unobtrusive Population Monitoring Program E-77   2010 2013
Processing and Vouchering of Fish Samples Collected from Annual Monitoring Efforts for the Arkansas River Shiner in the Canadian River E-81   2017 2018
DNA Analysis of Fecal Material to Identify Prey Selection of Ozark Big-eared Bats E-83   2015 2016
Reinstatement of Management and Monitoring Efforts for a Remnant Population of Black-capped Vireos in Blaine County, Oklahoma E-88   2017 2018
Monitoring of Federally listed and Declining Bats in an Ozark Cave System During Spring Emergence and Fall Swarming Periods E-89   2018 2018

The Oklahoma Department of Wildlife Conservation is aware of the serious threat posed by White-nose Syndrome (WNS), an infectious disease found only in bats, to our state’s bat populations.

Winter surveillance and monitoring efforts on select caves for WNS in Oklahoma began in 2010.  Monitoring activities include swabbing bats to collect DNA evidence of the fungus, looking for the physical presence of the fungus, installing data loggers to collect humidity and temperature readings within hibernation sites, collecting tissue and blood samples from hibernating bats, and collecting soil samples.  At times, bat specimens are collected for sample submission to certified laboratories when surveying bat hibernacula or for evaluating unusual bat morbidity or mortality during the winter. Winter surveillance efforts are conducted through the efforts of Rogers State University, University of Central Oklahoma, Central Oklahoma Grotto, Tulsa Regional Oklahoma Grotto, U.S. Fish and Wildlife, United States Forestry Service, Alabaster Caverns State Park, East Central University, Karst Research Institute, Kansas Department of Wildlife, Parks and Tourism and the Oklahoma Department of Wildlife Conservation. 

The fungus associated with the disease was first detected in Oklahoma in 2015 in a privately owned cave in Delaware County. The disease was confirmed in that same cave in 2017. See the current status of white-nose syndrome in the below links. 

To provide guidance on preventing the spread of the fungus and the disease and provide further information about the disease, the Wildlife Department has developed the following documents:

Recommendations and Suggested Best Management Practices to Address White-nose Syndrome in Oklahoma

Frequently Asked Questions about White-nose Syndrome in Oklahoma

Bats Love Caves and So Do We

More information about bats can be found in the "Bats of Oklahoma Field Guide" and at the annual Selman Bat Watch