McCurtain County Wilderness Area

Area Photograph: 
Area Description: 

Area Regulations

The McCurtain County Wilderness Area (MCWA) covers approximately 14,000 acres in northern McCurtain County. Located adjacent to the Broken Bow Reservoir and the Ouachita National Forest (north and east of the town of Broken Bow), the MCWA is the oldest Oklahoma Wildlife Department area and is the largest virgin, Shortleaf pine/hardwood forest remaining in the nation. Some riparian forest, consisting of hardwoods, such as sweet and black gums, red maple and elms occur along stream courses. The rugged terrain of the MCWA with its virgin forests and the adjacent reservoir offer some of the most beautiful scenery in the state. The average annual precipitation for the area is about 45 inches.

This area is open only to controlled deer and turkey hunts.

Driving Directions: 

From Broken Bow: 21 miles north on U.S. Hwy 259, 7 miles east on gravel road at the highway sign (which is 3 miles south of the junction of U.S. Hwy 259 and Bethel Rd), follow the signs to headquarters.

Game Species of Interest: 

  • Deer: White-tailed deer are present in fair numbers.  
  • Turkey: Eastern wild turkeys are present in fair numbers.
  • Rabbit: Both cottontail and swamp rabbits are found in low numbers.
  • Furbearers: Coyote, bobcat, raccoon are present. 
  • Waterfowl: Migrating waterfowl and resident wood ducks occur infrequently on the reservoir.

Nongame Species of Interest:

  • Red-cockaded Woodpecker: A small population of RCW’s ( the last known in Oklahoma) are found on the area. 
  • Bald Eagle: Eagles routinely winter on the Broken Bow Reservoir and Mountain Fork River. 

Description of Fish and Wildlife Management Practices:

Management efforts on the area are focused on restoring the pine/bluestem ecosystem and recovering the endangered Red-cockaded Woodpecker.  Habitat improvements for the species consist of hardwood thinning and controlled burning on a three year rotation.  The resulting open pine/hardwood forest  also provides  excellent habitat for game animals such as deer, turkey, and quail and a variety of nongame birds.

Camping and Facilities:

No developed facilities are on the area.  Hiking and backpacking permits for the area east of the reservoir may be secured by contacting the area’s biologist at least two weeks before the arrival date.  The hiking trail and boat ramp on the west side are open to public use. Members of the public who utilize the west side of the area must have at least one of the following: a valid Oklahoma Fishing License, Oklahoma Hunting License, or an Annual Wildlife Conservation Passport.

Fishing Opportunities:

Fishing opportunities are excellent on the Reservoir and in the Mountain Fork River.  No fishing is allowed on the streams within the wilderness. 


McCurtain Wilderness Area Map 

For additional information and area attractions:

McCurtain County Wilderness Area brochure
Kiamichi Country Tourism   

Oklahoma Tourism and Recreation Department
Post Office Box 52002
Oklahoma City, OK 73152-2002
(800) 652-6552 or (405) 521-2409

Talihina Chamber of Commerce and Ouachita National Forest Interpretive Association 
900 Second St, Suite 12, Dept 03, 
Talihina, OK 74571
(918) 567-3434

Lakes on area: